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    REACH

    REACH is a European Union regulation concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and restriction of Chemicals. It came into force on 1st June 2007 and replaced a number of European Directives and Regulations with a single system.

     

    REACH has several aims:

    ,     To provide a high level of protection of human health and the environment from the use of chemicals.

    ,     To make the people who place chemicals on the market (manufacturersand importers responsible for understanding and managing the risks associated with their use.)

    ,     To allow the free movement of substances on the EU market.

    ,     To enhance innovation in and the competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry.

    ,     To promote the use of alternative methods for the assessment of the hazardous properties of substances e.g. quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) and read across.

     

    Scope and exemptions

    REACH applies to substances manufactured or imported into the EU in quantities of 1 tonne or more per year. Generally, it applies to all individual chemical substances on their own, in preparations or in articles (if the substance is intended to be released during normal and reasonably foreseeable conditions of use from an article).

    Some substances are specifically excluded:

    ,     Radioactive substances

    ,     Substances under customs supervision

    ,     The transport of substances

    ,     Non-isolated intermediates

    ,     Waste

    ,     Some naturally occurring low-hazard substances

    Some substances, covered by more specific legislation, have tailored provisions, including:

    ,     Human and veterinary medicines

    ,     Food and foodstuff additives

    ,     Plant protection products and biocides

     

    SVHC- substance of very high concern

    A substance of very high concern (SVHC) is a chemical substance (or part of a group of chemical substances) for which it has been proposed that the use within the European Union be subject to authorisation under the REACH Regulation. Indeed, listing of a substance as an SVHC by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) is the first step in the procedure for restriction of use of a chemical. The first list of SVHCs was published on 28 October 2008 and the list update many times to include new candidates till the last update on 17 December 2014 to include a total 161 SVHC .