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    The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2011/65/EU(RoHS 2), short for Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, was adopted in 2013 by the European Union.


    RoHS Restricted Substances

    RoHS specifies maximum levels for the following six restricted materials:

    Lead (Pb): < 1000 ppm

    Lead is commonly used in the electrical and electronics industry in solder, lead-acid batteries, electronic components, cable sheathing and in the glass of cathode-ray tubes.


    Mercury (Hg): < 100 ppm

    Mercury is widely used metals in the production of electrical and electronic appliances and is concentrated in batteries, switches and thermostats, and fluorescent lamps.


    Cadmium (Cd): < 100 ppm

    Cadmium is used in electronic equipment, car batteries, and pigments.


    Hexavalent Chromium (Cr VI) < 1000 ppm

    While some forms of chromium are non-toxic, Chromium VI can produce toxic effects.


    Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB): 1000 ppm

    These are flame retardants found in electronic and electrical appliances. They have been found in indoor dust and air through evaporation from plastics.


    Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE): < 1000 ppm

    These are also flame retardants found in electronic and electrical appliances. Combustion of printed wiring boards release toxic emissions.


    RoHS Impacted & Exempted Categories

    The RoHS Directive currently applies to products in Categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 as per Schedule 1 of the WEEE Directive. Categories 8 and 9 of the RoHS Directive are currently exempted from compliance.


    The following product categories are impacted under the RoHS Directive:

     Cat 1. Large household appliances: refrigerators, washers, stoves, air conditioners

     Cat 2. Small household appliances: vacuum cleaners, hair dryers, coffee makers, irons

     Cat 3. Computing & communications equipment: computers, printers, copiers, phones

     Cat 4. Consumer electronics: TVs, DVD players, stereos, video cameras

     Cat 5. Lighting: lamps, lighting fixtures, light bulbs

     Cat 6. Power tools: drills, saws, nail guns, sprayers, lathes, trimmers, blowers

     Cat 7. Toys and sports equipment: videogames, electric trains, treadmills

    Cat 10. Automatic dispensers: vending machines, ATM machines


    The following products are currently exempted from RoHS compliance:

     Category 8. Medical devices and equipment

     Category 9. Control and monitoring equipment

     National security use and military equipment

     Large stationary industrial tools

     Certain light bulbs and some batteries

     Spare parts for electronic equipment in the market before July 1, 2006.