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Packaging and Packaging Waste 欧盟包装和包装废弃物指令

欧盟包装和包装废弃物指令实施的目的Summary


对包装和包装废弃物管理的国家措施进行统一协调,防止产生包装废弃物,以加强包装重复使用及包装废弃物再生和其它方式的回收利用。以便一方面防止对所有成员国以及第三方国家的环境有任何影响,或减少这种影响,从而提高环境保护水平。

The European Union is seeking to harmonise national measures concerning the management of packaging and packaging waste to provide a high level of environmental protection and ensure the functioning of the internal market.

 


欧盟包装和包装废弃物指令(94/62/EC)对四大重金属(铅、汞、镉及六价铬)最高浓度限值要求Concentration levels of heavy metals present in packaging


铅(Pb) + 镉(Cd) + 汞(Hg) + 六价铬(Cr+6) <100ppm

The sum of concentration levels of lead, cadmium, mercury and hexavalent chromium present in packaging or packaging components shall not exceed the following:

— 100 ppm by weight five years after the date referred to in Article 22 (i).

 

欧盟包装和包装废弃物指令(94/62/EC)覆盖的产品范围:


欧盟包装材料指令(94/62/EC)之第三条(Article 3)的定义「包装」意指『一切消耗性资源,用来盛装、保护、搬运、运送及呈现货品,范围乃涵盖原料至制程,从生产者至消费者』。如:产品包装纸盒、纸箱、木框、胶卷盒、塑料袋、气泡袋、泡棉、保利龙、固定器具、薄板、绳索、涂料、墨水、胶带、胶、束线带、标签、说明书等。


此外,包装和包装废弃物指令(94/62/EC) Annex I给出了属于本指令范围的包装材料示例:

Sweet boxes

Film overwrap around a CD case

Mailing pouches for catalogues and magazines (with a magazine inside)

Cake doilies sold with a cake

Rolls, tubes and cylinders around which flexible material (e.g. plastic film, aluminium, paper) is wound, except rolls, tubes and cylinders intended as parts of production machinery and not used to present a product as a sales unit

Flower pots intended to be used only for the selling and transporting of plants and not intended to stay with the plant throughout its life time

Glass bottles for injection solutions

CD spindles (sold with CDs, not intended to be used as storage)

Clothes hangers (sold with a clothing item)

Matchboxes

Sterile barrier systems (pouches, trays and materials necessary to preserve the sterility of the product)

Beverage system capsules (e.g. coffee, cacao, milk) which are left empty after use

Refillable steel cylinders used for various kinds of gas, excluding fire extinguishers

Packaging, if designed and intended to be filled at the point of sale:

Paper or plastic carrier bags

Disposable plates and cups

Cling film

Sandwich bags

Aluminium foil

Plastic foil for cleaned clothes in laundries

Labels hung directly on or attached to a product


下列产品不属于本指令覆盖范围:


Flower pots intended to stay with the plant throughout its life time

Tool boxes

Tea bags

Wax layers around cheese

Sausage skins

Clothes hangers (sold separately)

Beverage system coffee capsules, coffee foil pouches, and filter paper coffee pods disposed together with the used coffee product

Cartridges for printers

CD, DVD and video cases (sold together with a CD, DVD or video inside)

CD spindles (sold empty, intended to be used as storage)

Soluble bags for detergents

Grave side lights (containers for candles)

Mechanical quern (integrated in a refillable recipient, e.g. refillable pepper mill)

Stirrer

Disposable cutlery

Wrapping paper (sold separately)

Paper baking cases (sold empty)

Cake doilies sold without a cake

Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags

 

欧盟包装和包装废弃物指令(94/62/EC)历次修订


Act

Date of entry into force

Directive 94/62/EC

31.12.1994

Amending Act(s)

Date of entry into force

Directive 2004/12/EC

18.2.2004

Directive 2005/20/EC

5.4.2005

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009

20.4.2009

Directive 2013/2/EU

28.2.2013


来源:欧盟官方网站 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/packaging/legis.htm